History of Ayurveda -

History of Ayurveda

By Govardhan Ecovillage February 25, 2019

A replica of Shri Madan Mohan Temple has been created at Govardhan Ecovillage and was inaugurated on
January 25, 2019 in the graceful presence of H.H Radhanath Swami Maharaj and other dignitaries.


yurveda has an age-old history since the 2nd Century BC.

Ayurveda has its foundations laid by the ancient schools of Hindu Philosophical teachings named Vaisheshika and the school of logic named as Nyaya. It is also related to the manifestation framework, well known as Samkhya, and it was established in the same period when the schools of Nyaya and Vaisheshika flourished.



he term Ayurveda is derived from the combination of two Sanskrit words known as “Ayu” and “Veda.” Ayu means life and Veda means knowledge. Consequently, Ayurveda is a panoramic knowledge of life. The use and existence of the word Ayurveda can be traced back to around 5000 years ago or even more. It is as old as the word Veda. The four Vedas comprises of Rigveda, Samaveda, Yajurveda, and Atharvaveda. The word Atharva emerges from the same root as the word Artha does. Artha means value or worth. Atharvaveda is the Veda that sorts out the fulfillment of material needs and assists the individual is looking for the most efficient way to survive with little conditioning. This idea was primarily for the sages, who desired to spend their lives searching for divine wisdom. Atharva Veda made sure that all their underlying social and physical needs were met. Ayurveda is known as the fifth Veda. Though, it is considered to have originated from the Atharva Veda which is the home of worldly knowledge.

Sources of Ayurvedic history


he Ayurvedic treatment is stated in different sections of the Vedas. Vedas stated the use of herbs such as some to obtain divine nectar from the gods. In epics like Ramayana and Mahabharata, there were different occasions of plastic surgeries carried out on the ears and nose, obstetrics, medical treatments, and Limb replacements. Although, the wisdom of Ayurveda history majorly originated from the Ayurvedic classical texts. There are two important areas of Ayurveda works in store today— Brihattrayi (The Major Three). Brihattrayi includes Sushruta Samahita, Ashtanga Hridya Samhita and Charak Samhita. Brihat-tragic is the fortitude or strength of the Ayurvedic treatment today. All these writings are very panoramic. Sushrut Samita is the notable text in store for Ayurvedic surgery. Charak Samhita is the significant writing for Ayurvedic medicine. Ashtanga Hridya Samhita is a comprehensive book that comprises of knowledge from the significant Ayurvedic works.

The second section is the Laghutrayi (the lesser three). It includes – Bhava Prakash, Madhava Nidana and Sharangdhara Samhita. Bhava Prakash is the epitome work on the Ayurvedic herbs and other substances used in Ayurvedic medicines. It describes herbal properties and uses in detail. The word “Nidana” means the cause or the root. Madhav Nidana is the master of the book of Ayurvedic diagnosis. It covers the description, types, pathophysiology, pathological stages and symptoms of all the major diseases. Sharangadhara Samhita is the seminal work on Ayurvedic pharmaceutical knowledge. It includes the formulae, preparation methods and uses of the classical Ayurvedic medicines. Apart, from these major works, multiple other works deal with different branches of Ayurveda. For example — Kashyap Samhita covers all the subjects on Gynecology, Obstetrics, and Paediatrics. Thus, Ayurveda is a complete and established science and not a compilation of some herbal remedies discovered by trial and error.

How was Ayurveda discovered?


t is believed that the knowledge of Ayurveda emerged from the Brahma himself, as he is the source of everything in the universe. He is the source of the universe himself. From Brahma, this knowledge passed to Indra, the king of the gods. According to Charak Samhita, sages were getting sick because of an unhealthy diet and lifestyle. They wanted to find out a way to elongate their life- span so that they can pursue their spiritual journey and reach the salvation in a single birth. There was a meeting of all the sages, and they appointed Sage Bharadwaj as their representative, to go to Indra. Sage Bharadwaja meditated on the god Indra, and he received the divine knowledge of Ayurveda in its entirety. Thus, Bhardwaja is said to be the father of Ayurveda for the human race. From Bharadwaja, the knowledge of Ayurveda spread to all the eligible rishis (Sages) and satvik people. According to the available text of Charak Samhita, Rishi Atreya was one of the sages who received the knowledge of Ayurveda from the seers. Atreya passed on his ayurvedic wisdom to his six main students – Agnivesha, Bhela, Jatukarna, Parashara, Ksharaparani, and Harita. Out of all these students, Agnivesha was the most promising. Each one of these students compiled their learnings in the form of different Samhitas.

However, Agnivesha Samhita received the praise and blessing of the gods and survived to this day in the form of Charak Samhita. Sage Charak compiled Charak Samhita. The Sanskrit word “Charak’ refers to the nomads or the one who keeps walking. Timeline of sage Charak is very uncertain. The word Charak is a general term s that was used for the nomadic sage doctors, who would travel from one place to the other offering their medicinal services to the common folks. These sage doctors existed throughout ancient India. Their services became more prevalent with the rise of Buddhist monks who would travel from one place to the other. They would give religious discourses as well as treat sick people. They believed that one in physical pain should not be made to focus on spirituality.

Ayurveda is being rediscovered and rejuvenated now, and we hope that in the future, we will have a new generation that will be able to reclaim the knowledge of Ayurveda from the cosmos.